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News/Business. Daljit Dhaliwal. (2009) (CC) (Stereo)

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China 43, United States 14, Denmark 10, Israel 9, U.s. 5, Iran 4, Shanghai 4, Obama 4, U.s. China 4, United Nations 3, North Korea 3, Australia 3, Us 3, Beijing 3, America 3, Henning 2, John Larson 2, Jamie Metzl 2, Rosalind P. Walter 2, Peter G. Peterson 2,
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  WHUT    Worldfocus    News/Business. Daljit  
   Dhaliwal.  (2009)  (CC) (Stereo)  

    November 16, 2009
    7:00 - 7:30pm EST  

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tonight on "worldfocus" -- during a visit to china, president obama meets with students and speaks out about what he calls universal rights. the chinese limited access to his speech. we'll take you to israel, to africa and east timor, to show you how rapidly chinese influence is expanding around the world. our "signature" story is from denmark where the winds of change brought more wd power and made plenty of danes rich. in australia, now elderly people shed tears for the childhood they never had. we'll tell you why. from the world's leading reporters and analysts, here's what's happening from around the world.
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this is "worldfocus." major support has been provided by rosalind p. walter and the peter g. peterson foundation, dedicated to promoting fiscal responsibility and addressing key economic challenges facing america's future. and additional funding is provided by the following supporters -- hello and good ening. i'm daljit dhaliwal. president obama spoke openly and bluntly today about the benefits of individual freedoms in a country known for severely restricting them. that country is china. today the president focused on the importance of the u.s./china relationship in dealing with some of the biggest global issues, such as climate change and economic development. but in his speech to a town hall style meeting of university
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students in shanghai, obama also talked about freedoms often denied in china. >> we do not seek to impose any system of government on any other nation. but we also don't believe that the principles that we stand for are unique to our nation. these freedoms of expression and worship, of access to information and political participation, we believe are universal rights. they should be available to all people, including ethnic and religious minority, whether they are in the united states, china or any nation. >> but even as the president called for access to information, china was tightly controllg it. the meeting with a carefully screened group of students who were coached beforehand was not broadcast live across the country, and while it was available on two big national internet sites, it was hard to hear. and one big website, the xinhua
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news agency told people that the obamauñ÷ live, but then on the screen apparently fails to deliver on that promise. in tonight's "lead focus," we take an in depth look at the obama visit and its significance, beginning with the presidents day from melissa chan of al jazeera english. >> reporter: the president is now in beijing, but earlier in the day, he was in shanghai for his town hall meeting. it's the favorite format for the american president, a conversation with the people, talking about u.s./china relations. >> our world is now fundamentally interconnected. the jobs we do, the prosperity we build, the environment we protect, the security that we seek, all of these things are shared. and given that interconnection, power in the 21st century is no longer a zero sum game. one country's success need not come at the expense of another.
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that is why the united states insists we do not seek to contain china's rise. on the contrary, we welcome china as a strong and prosperous and successful member of the community of nations. >> reporter: answering a question on internet access in china -- >> unrestricted internet access is a source of strength, and i think should be encouraged. i think that the more freely information flows, the stronger the society becomes because then citizens of countries around the world can hold their own governments accountable. they c begin to think for themselves. that generates new ide. >> reporter: and discussing cooperation on climate change -- >> the united states and china are the world's two largest emitters of greenhouse gases, of carbon that is causing the
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planet to warm. so unless both of our countries are willing to take critical steps in dealing with this issue,e will not be able to resolve it. >> reporter: there's no down china and the u.s. will be v to work together on a variety of world problems, but don't expect any major announcements from this visit. after shanghai, the president is now in beijing ending his day with a state leader with chinese leader president hu jintao. president obama is planning to have another meeting with president hu jintao in addition to this dinner. he'll also meet with the premier. wen jiabao. this is a trip to china and a trip to the forbidden city and the great wall are also planned. melissa chan, al jazeera, beijing. we just heard president obama's emphasis on the u.s. and china working together on global issue, but china is also working very much in its own interests these days. and it's doing something we
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don't often see covered by american news organizations, becoming a highly visible player on the world stge. so much so that it is hard to keep up with the pace of china's activity, as you are about to see in this report from steve chow of al jazeera english. >> reporter: an opera house in israel may seem like an unlikely place to challenge the u.s. but it's here in a nation considered one of america's strongest allies that china has launched what some call a cultural offensive. it is spending millions on events like these to force ties with countries that have traditionally favored relationships with the west. lessons on chinese culture used to involve opera and traditional dress. but as officials are keen to point ou this is a public relations exercise, to introduce the new china. >> a lot of people just have a
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very outdated information about china. they think that china is very backward, very poor, when actually china changed a lot. >> reporter: and changed in a powerful way. the country'navy is today actively involve in international efforts to protect ships from pirates off the coast of somalia. its soldiers have taken part in 16 of the last 24 u.n. peacekeeping missions. and once a recipient of aid, china now donates billions to poorer nations.'cñg(vxÑ chinese a government office in east timor. when china first opened its doors to the outside world in the early '80s deng xiaoping as leader at the time urged the country to keep its head down and focus on development at home. and for a while that worked. but the nation has since outgrown its borders. in international arenas like the u.n., the asian giant is demanding a great are say. its diplomats this year have
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openly challenged the u.s. by blocking american-led sanctions on myanmar, north korea and iran. >> china right now is realizing that it has interests outside of china and needs to start taking care of those interests on its own. >> reporter: those interests are primarily about securing energy and raw materials. across africa, chinese-built sports stadiums stand as a symbol of the nation's deal making. aid money in returns for the right to drill. pursuing self-interest is nothing new for rising nations, but analysts say in this case there is cause for concern. >> there's one reason why we'd see it being a threat because china has the political model that it has at the moment. the world's topz-u ten economys the only one that's a one-party state. >> reporter: a one-party state intent on developing its military might, which is proudly displayed as the country
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celebrated its 60th anniversary in october. at $70 billion u.s. china now ranks second only to the u.s. in military spending. still, authorities insist the world has nothing to fear. >> translator: china follows the path of peaceful development. in international affair we want to act as a positive and constructive player. >> reporter: but it is a player increasingly sensitive about territory and what's theirs. tensions are high over a disputed border with india. and earlier this year, chinese vessels boldly tried to block a u.s. ship suspected of spying off china's coast. it was in international waters. in tel aviv, the cultural event draws a record crowd, but china's inuence and ambitions are only expected to grow, there's little question the world is paying attention. steve chow, al jazeera.
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for more on president obama's visit to china and u.s./china relations, we're joined by jamie metzl. he's the executive vice president of the asia society here in new york. jamie, good to see you again, welcome back to the program. >> thank you. pleasure to be here. >> let's talk about the president's trip to china. it comes at a time that china is relishing its growing global importance, as we just sawñ÷s+÷ that story, as a matter of fact. what does this mean for the united states? >> the united states and china are nowrbgÑ inextricably linked. anything that the united states wants to do in the international arena, it needs chinese engagement and chinese support. the same is true for china. since our fates are tied together, the united states will have to think differently about how it exercises its power and influence around the world and china and the united states are going to have to be partners. >> what's at the root of the mistrust? >> there's trust and there's mistrust. with the mistrust, there's the challenge that the united states is in some ways a status quo
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power. the united states has bn the guarantor of the international system for 60 years. now china is emerging more rapidly than anybody could have predicted, andk:vjjáq very fac china's rise is putting american dominance into serious question. so china is at a point where it's going to need to say that, yes, we're part of the system that exists and here's how we're going to support it or we have an alternate vision of a world that's multipolar and here's how that world can address these big problems that we have. but the problem that we're seeing today is that china is exerts its influence, but on issues like climate change, like iran, like burma, china is not yet fully on board with an international agenda, and that's, i think, causing a lot of friction. >> you're saying it's not playing by the rules as pax amer ra can na. >> it can be a pax sino
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americana. it needs to be replaced with something. if it's replaced nothing, we'll have big problems. >> other than trade issues and the currency issues, where does the united states -- give me some examples of how the united states has used china as a strategic partner. >> the united states and kline new could be strategic partners in issues like climate change. there will be no deal in copenhagen or anywhere unless the united states and china come together and agree that those two countries are going to work together to address gas -- greenhouse gas emissions in a way that they can both commit to in a binding way. in iran, if iran develops nuclear weapons, there's going to be, by all accounts, a nuclear arms race in the middle east that's going to harm everybody. but right now the united stat is pushing without the stáke%] support of china and russia's been a little bit better and other. so again -- >> yet, it is involved in the
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talks in north korea. is it not playing a very constructive role politically there? >> and china has played a positive role in north korea, yet the north koreans still have nuclear weapons. so the question is yes, there needs to be more posturing, more concerted effort, but at the end of the day, all the leading countries that will have to make compromising that will hurt themselves even in order to promote a common good. >> let's come back to the president's trip. did he stress the issue of china's human rights abuses enough? >> we talked about it in tokyo, he talked about it in his town hall meeting in shanghai. ere certainly will be people who will be critical of him for not yet mentioning tibet and xinchong by name. whether he's been outspoken enough on those particular issues we'll see what happens. but the president of the united states is in a very different position than past presidents because china has a lot of cards.
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the united states has a lot of cards, too, but the balance is much more even than it's been in the past. >> jamie metzl, thank you very much for joining us. >> my great pleasure. >> we also want to know what you think. tonight's question, given the importance of the china/u.s. economic relationship, is the united states putting too much emphasis on human rights in china? you can tell us what you think by going to the "how you see it" page of our websiteand that's at worldfocus.org. new99fé concerns about iran nuclear programs were raised today in a report by the united nations nuclear agency. it focuses oium enrichment site that iran recently revealed that it was building. the agency said that although iran declared that construction started in 2007, it had evidence that the project actually began in 2002. and it said it has told iran that the existence of the facility raises questions about whether iran has failed to declare other secret nuclear
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facilities. with peace talks between israel and the palestinians in limbo, leaders of the palestinian authority say that they will launch a campaign to get international backing for a palestinian state without a peace treaty with israel and will then declare statehood in the west bank, the gaza strip and arab east jerusalem. it all seems aimed putting more pressure on israel to stop building jewish settlements. the palestinians are demanding a settlement freeze as a condition for resuming talks with israel. but israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu rejected the idea. >> translator: there is no substitute for negotiations between israel and the palestinians. any unilateral action would only unravel the framework of agreements between us. it can only lead to one sided steps on the part of israel. >> the way to reach peace is by solving the problem around the negotiating table. >> the palestinians said that
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they are preparing to ask the united nations security council to endorse a palestinian state without israel's consent, but the united states would almost certainly veto such a proposal. at a global food summit today in rome, delegates from almost 200 countries rejected a united nations call to provide $44 billion a year to help farmers in poor countries produce more food. that would have been four times the previous commitment. the united nations says about 1 billion people don't get enough to eat. that is 1 of every 6 people in the world. among those who addressed the conference was pope benedict xvi. >> hunger is the most cruel and
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concrete sign of poverty. opulence and waste are no longer acceptable when the tragedy of hunger is assuming ever-greater proportions. >> one factor contributing to growing hunger is climate change, and there is more to report on that issue tonight. over the weekend president obama and the leader of the asia pacific countries agreed that it was unlikely that a treaty will be signed next month at a climate change conference in copenhagen, denmark. instead negotiators will try to reach a political agreement on combating climate change as a first step toward mandating greenhouse gas reductions. and those attending that conference in denmark next month, will be able to get a firsthand look at how to cut harmful emissions. one way, which was pioneered in denmark long ago is wind power, which accounts for 20% of its energy production, and it is the subject of our "signature" story tonight.
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"worldfocus" special correspondent john larson went to denmark to report on its green revolution. tonight we have the second of his five stories, which we will bring you in the weeks before the copenhagenummit. >> reporter: we've come to this windswept corner of denmark to ask a question, what can one danish art dealer, one danish farmer -- >> too good to tear down. >> reporter: -- and two pigs tell us about how denmark became the world leader in renewable wind power? but first, think back to the opec oil embargo of the late 1970s. >> that time we realized as a society that if you don't change our habits of being dependent on foreign oil, then we will have a major problem in our economy as we go forward. >> reporter: so the danish government began taxing oil and subsidizing alternative energy like wind.
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over the next 30 years in assembly plant likes this one, the danish company vestas grew from a handful of friends to the largest windmill company in the world, creating 30,000 new jobs. welders, machinists, painters and programmers. to get a sense of just how heady these times are for vestas, we went straight to the top. >> it's a beautiful view from here. >> reporter: this married father of two used to be a volkswagen mechanic. >> it's a wonderful job. >> reporter: on his partner hans are not just working on any windmill but the one at the copenhagen convention center. the one that will power the entire global climate change summit by itself. >> now you know you have to get that windmill fixed by the time they have the international conferce here. >> yeah, that's no problem. >> reporter: but the story of
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what denmark has done with its wind is not one story of a giant corporation or government incentives. it's many stories. and most of them begin and end with people. >> i think they're too good to tear down. >> reporter: remember the farmer? years ago a group of men approached this man to lease his land for the windmill. said the wind was good. that wasn't really true. it was great. he borrowed and invested a million dollars and put the mill up himself. he's only climbed to the top three times. in fact, he rarely visits his mill. >> the wind speed is here. >> reporter: because he tracks its success on the web. everything from daily wind speed and direction to oil pressure and profit. >> i didn't think i was really smart, but i just saw that there was a possibility of making some money. >> reporter: how much money?weln
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investment in three years. and you don't have to water it. >> no. >> reporter: or fertilize. >> you have to wait for it. >> reporter: standing on henning's farm, you can learn one of the most important things about how denmark came tolead the world in wind power. so there's no big corporation that owns any of this? >> no. >> reporter: the mill right behind henning is owned by a married couple. the one right behind that by the goodness of disabled people. as the caretaker explained, it's a home for developmentally disabled adults like heinrich here who raised sheep and the two pigs we mentioned. they sell organic produce to their neighbors, and le lives largely funded by the profits from their windmills. >> the four generators you see on the horizon. >> reporter: and the four on the horizon? well, that's where the art dealer comes in. >> it was a kind of protest when
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he started. >> reporter: back in the early '80s hans madison had long hair and was carrying a protest sign. >> yes, that's right. >> reporter: sign that said ban the nukes in danish. >> yes, we're a little against that. >> reporter: the government wanted to build a nuclear power plant here on that windswept coastline we told you about. hans and his neighbors stopped it. they formed an association, raised money and built windmills instead. nine of them. hans is the association chairman. as chairman of the consortium now, how much is your salary? >> i don't get any salary. >> reporter: nothing? >> no, never. >> reporter: it's all volunteer? >> it's all volunteers, yes, that's the idea of it. >> reporter: 476 friends, neighbors, investors all earning 12% per year on an investmt of 30 years. and what's the name of this cooperative?
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let's just call it ssv. what began as government policy became a world leading industry, driven as much by everyday danish people as by the unlimited power directly over their heads. in denmark, john larson, for "worldfocus." before we go, imagine children in this country or ofs of those from broken homes being sent to a far away land with the promise of a better life only to find a far different experience, including forced labor and abuse. that is precisely what happened to a group of 7,000 british children who were sent to australia between 1930 and 1970. today, for the first time, australia's government offered
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them a formal apology, as we hear now from rags martel of itn. >> reporter: they're known as the forgotten australians, shipped from britain in their thoughts as children, with a promise of a better life. but the reality was brutal. many separated from their brothers and sists, some falsely told their parents back home were dead, others physically abused. >> we come together today to offer our nation's apology. to say to you, the forgotten australians, and those who were sent to our shores as children without their consent, that we are sorry. sorry that as children you were taken from your families and placed in institutions where so often you were abused. sorry for the physical suffering, the emotional starvation and the cold absence of love, of tenderness, of care.
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sorry for the tragedy, the absolute tragedy of childhoods lost. >> reporter: the child migrants program sent poor children to commonwealth countries. more than 150,000 british boys and girls were forced away on ships. most were already in state care and had been abandoned by their parents. they were seen as good, white stock to populate the former colin es. many were made to work as child laborers. in the worst cases, the children were raped. john hawkins was separated from his mother for weeks after she gave birth to him. he only kn her for six years. >> i would take this cruelty and savagery to the grave with me. but at least if i can do -- if i can do something to save one child, just one child going through the experience we went through, i'd be very happy. >> reporter: there are many more stories of the forgotten
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australians. their pain at last officially recognized.w2:% they will have to wait till the new year to get their apology from the british government. and that is "worldfocus" for this monday. for more news and perspective, be sure to check out our website at worldfocus.org. while you're there drop us a comment about the program. i'm daljit dhaliwal in new york. we'll see you back here tomorrow. we'll see you back here tomorrow. until then, good-bye. -- captions by tac -- www.vitac.com major support for "worldfocus" has been provided by rosalind p. walter and the peter g. peterson foundation, dedicated to promoting fiscal responsibility and addressing key economic challenges facing america's future. and additional funding is provided by the following supporters --
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